African antelope is an amazing animal of the hot continent
African antelope is included in the numerousgroup of animals. There are species in it that differ significantly in size. For example, the dik-dik antelope has the size of a hare. Also there are species that reach the growth of a bull - this is a kind of antelope canna. These animals live in different climatic conditions.
As is known, antelope has many commonexternal features with ordinary bulls. For example, they have similar hoofs. In addition, the African antelope refers to ruminants. Eating plants, it does not swallow them, but during rest it chews food again. This method of nutrition allows livestock to make the most of all useful food substances.
The distinguishing feature of all these animals is theirhorns. They are strong bones that develop on the outgrowths of their frontal bones. These rods are dressed in special horny covers. Horny covers grow throughout the life of the antelope along with the rods. Horns are not discarded every year, like roe deer. Horns can be very different. Some of them look like small points. Antelope, the species of which bear the names Oryx and Kudu, has long horns. In kudu they not only have a significantlength, but also a very interesting form of the spiral. African antelope canna carries horns facing each other. As for the impala, the animals of this species are characterized by beautiful lily-shaped horns. They are used, as a rule, for fights with dangerous rivals. The subfamily of gazelles consists of sixteen species of antelopes that inhabit various parts of Africa and Asia.
A beautiful African wildebeest antelopeexclusively in Africa. When enough water and food, then the animal can stay in one place for a fairly long period. With drought, hunger and thirst, the gnu always gather in flocks and go on a long journey. For a whole year, African antelopes can follow the rain, because in those places where it passes, quickly grows low, but nutritious grass.
The lovely sitatunga dwells practically throughoutterritories in Africa on forest marshes. It is considered a large, mostly nocturnal, semi-aquatic animal. It is grazed, as a rule, in reeds and thickets of sedges. Lunch prefers the leaves of stunted trees and shrubs. This beautiful antelope swims well, escaping from the pursuers. She knows how to dive well. Sitatunga lives well on almost any swamp. She has very wide and long hoofs, which provides her support on the muddy soft ground.
Bushbok is a representative of antelopeof medium size. It occurs most often in South-West Africa, not far from thick bushes. There, the animal takes shelter when it senses danger. Males, as a rule, are much larger than females. Their height reaches about one meter at the withers, and the weight - up to eighty kilograms. Horns are ribbed and spiral, up to sixty centimeters. Typically, the color varies from yellowish brown to black.