Athletics at the Olympic Games: pole vaulting, hammer throwing, relay race, running with hurdles
Athletics at the Olympic Games appeared in Athens in 1896. These were the first games of our time. And since then has invariably been present in the programs of sports forums every 4 years.
Only for men
At the first modern Olympics track and field athleticswas presented in several versions - running, jumping in length and height, shot put and discus throwing. In most of them, representatives of the United States prevailed. Only in the race for 800 and 1500 meters, the Englishman Teddy Flake was able to win, and in the marathon the first Greek was Spiridon Luis. Then it was played 12 sets of awards, 9 of which were won by the Americans.
First time athletics at the Olympicswas exclusively male prerogative. Women were not allowed to participate in official competitions. This situation persisted until 1928. Only this year at the games in Amsterdam there were women's disciplines.
So, for the first time, women took part in the 9th Summer Olympic Games: 100 and 800 meters in running, 4 to 100 relay races, high jump and throwing.
The hammer throw for the first time in history came inprogram of the II Olympic Games in Paris in 1900. Then 5 sportsmen from two countries - the USA and Sweden - came to the competitions. As a result, the whole pedestal went to American athletes. Defeated John Flanagan with a result of 51 meters and 1 centimeter. This was the first Olympic record in hammer throwing.
Interrupt the hegemony of the Americans at the Olympic Gamesgames were successful only in 1928 to the Irishman Patu O Callaghan. In 1960 in Rome, the victory was first won by the Soviet athlete Vasily Rudenkov, who sent the projectile to 67 meters and 10 centimeters. As a result, the most gold medals in the Olympics in this discipline were won by Soviet and American athletes - 7. The Hungarians won five times, who also managed to create a good school in this sport, twice Irish and one German, Finns, Poles, the Japanese and the Slovenes. Today, the current Olympic champion in the discipline of hammer throwing at men is Tajik Dilshod Nazarov. Its result is impressive: 78 meters and 68 centimeters.
The world record in hammer throwing has been holding for 30 years. Since 1986, no one can surpass the achievement of Soviet athlete Yuri Sedykh, who sent the hammer to 86 meters and 74 centimeters.
Jumpers with pole
As mentioned above, in 1896 in Afnamthe first Olympiad in modern history was held. Pole vaults were already in her program. In the competition took part 5 athletes - 2 Americans and 3 Greeks. As a result, the hosts of the competition get only bronze, it is from Evangelos Damaskos. He obeyed the bar height of 2 meters 60 centimeters. The first Olympic champion is the representative of the USA Wells Hoyt, he flew to a height of 3 meters 30 centimeters.
Since then, pole vaulting has been included in the program of every Olympics. A lot of excellent jumpers and among the Soviet and Russian sports school.
In the 80's, Sergey Bubka andRodion Gataullin. The last after the collapse of the Soviet Union began to speak for Russia, and Bubka - for the national team of Ukraine. Sergei's result, by the way, has so far not been surpassed by anyone. In 1994, at the competitions in the Italian Sestriere athlete took the bar at 6 meters 14 centimeters. This record holds for 22 years. And the Olympics has conquered him. The pole vault became his gold discipline in 1988 in Seoul. In total for his career, he set 35 world records.
Among women is still not surpassed the resultin the open air of the Russian woman Elena Isinbayeva. Planck in 5 meters and 6 centimeters, taken by her in August 2009 at the stage of the Golden League in Zurich, has still not yielded to anyone else. It was her 27th world record.
In the relay race
The mixed relay at the Summer Olympics was first introduced in 1908. The tournament was held in London.
A total of 7 teams participated. The idea of consistency was that in the first two stages athletes run 200 meters, on the third - 400, and at the last - 800 meters. Teams competed in pairs, the winners immediately went to the finals of the Olympic Games.
For the gold medal in the discipline "mixedrelay "as a result fought teams of Hungary, Germany and the US The Americans passed their distance in 3 minutes 29.4 seconds and became the winners of the tournament.Here are the names of the champions - Nathaniel Cartmell, John Taylor, William Hamiltoni Melvin Sheppard.The Germans turned out to be silver, Hungary - bronze medals.
Running with barriers
Running 100 meters with barriers - one of theOlympic track and field disciplines. At the last games in London in 2016, competitions were held only among women. Men participated in the distance of 110 meters.
The entire season in this kind of program persistedhegemony of American athletes. But only three participants were allowed to go to the Olympics. Happened and did an amazing story - the leader of the season, athlete from the United States Kendra Harrison, was unable to pass the American selection. But at the same time, just 3 weeks after the unsuccessful performance, I broke the world record, which had been holding for almost 30 years before. At competitions in London, she overcame a hundred-meter mark with barriers in 12.2 seconds.
48 sportsmen came to the games themselves, whowere divided into 6 races. As a result of the preliminary stages, athletes from the USA, Belgium, Finland, Canada, the Bahamas, Great Britain, Germany, Norway, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Belarus, Nigeria and France passed the next round.
Our fans most of all remember the performance of the Belarusian Alina Talai. In the preliminary race, she came to finish second with a result of 12.74 seconds.
If in the semifinal she demonstrated thissame time, then again I could get a second place. But the athlete performed much worse. I ran the distance in 13.66 seconds and came to the finish line.
In the finals were athletes from the United States,Great Britain, Germany, Bahamas and Canada. As predicted by experts, athletics at the Olympics became the crown discipline for American women, because in this kind of program all the medals went to them. Olympic champion was Brianna Rollins with a result of 12.48 seconds.
In a triple jump
In a triple jump at the Olympics in Londoncompetitions were held both among men and women. 48 participants competed for medals among representatives of the strong half of humanity. Only 12 qualify for the final. Among them are representatives of the United States, China, Colombia, Portugal, Guyana, Cuba, Mexico, France and Poland. For many finalists, this was not the first Olympics. The triple jump was another benefit of American athletes.
In the final with a result of 17 meters 86 centimeters, the victory went to American Christian Taylor, silver was in his compatriot Will Clay, bronze in the Chinese Dong Bin.
Track and field athletics at the Olympic Games traditionally brings teams the highest number of medals. Only in the last games in Rio were played 47 sets of awards.
Most of the medals were won by US athletes - 13 gold, 10 silver and 9 bronze. On 6 wins from Kenyans and Jamaican athletes.