Composition of property

Success in entrepreneurial activity dependsnot only from the knowledge of their rights and duties as a legal entity, but also the possession of the subtleties of economic issues. For example, it is important to know what is included in the property of the enterprise, what is its structure and composition.

Definition of concept

In order to talk about the composition of propertyenterprise, initially it is necessary to determine what is included in the very concept of "enterprise property". From an economic point of view, the property is all material or non-material elements that the enterprise uses for its production activities, that is, for profit. Also to the property of the enterprise are all other types of property, without which it is impossible to carry out economic activities.

Composition

Now let's take a closer look at the structure and structure of the enterprise's assets:

As a rule, two elements are distinguished in the structure of the enterprise's property:

  • Material-material;
  • Intangible

Material-Real Element

This item of property includes all those items that have their own material representation. That is, everything that can be touched is a material element. For example:

  • cars,
  • buildings, structures,
  • finished goods,
  • securities,
  • cash,
  • raw materials, equipment, semi-finished products,
  • land
  • and even a stapler on the desk of the employee.

All this is material or material property. Of course, only if this property is the property of the enterprise and is used to obtain benefits.

Intangible element

To this element is the property that does not have its real equivalent and appears in the process of the life of the enterprise itself. For example, concepts such as:

  • regular customers,
  • reputation of the firm,
  • the very name of the company and its significance,
  • "Brand",
  • trademarks used by the enterprise,
  • experience and qualifications of staff,
  • know-how, copyrights,
  • patented methods of production,
  • leadership skills,
  • contacts and stuff.

All this is the intangible property of the enterprise. It can be transferred or sold in the same way as tangible property. And just like tangible property, it is protected by law.

Analysis

A very important method of controlling effectivenessThe work of the enterprise is the analysis of the property of the enterprise. Thanks to this analysis it is possible to find out what kind of property works for the benefit of the enterprise, and which is a ballast and only waste energy resources. The very essence of the analysis lies in the isolation of each element of the structure of the enterprise's property, analyzing its productivity and summarizing.



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