Constellation Wolf: where is the list of stars
Billions of small planets formingsystem, and rivet the eyes of inquisitive eyes. The first mention of the constellation of the Wolf has been encountered for a very long time. It has a fairly ancient history and was familiar to the Phoenicians and Greeks, and the Sumerians referred to it as the "Beast of Death."
As part of the Wolf identified a number of very interesting objects, but they can all be observed only with the use of a powerful telescope.
Discovery and history
The Greek astronomer of antiquity Ptolemy introducedthe constellation of the Wolf into the Almagest list under the name "beast". The stars of this cluster were once part of the constellation Centauri. The astronomer of ancient Greece Hipparchus separated the constellation of the Wolf from the Centaurus and named it the Beast (Therion). Although this was not considered a genuine work, until the work of Ptolemy was translated into Latin. In it, the scientist finally identified the constellation of the Wolf.
The Centauri stars in ancient mythical legends were depicted in the form of animals pinned to the spear of a centaur.
This same creature with animals on a spear appears in theConstellation Ara (in translation "altar"). In ancient Babylon the Wolf was called Yp-ldim ("wild dog"). The area of the constellation is 333.7 square degrees. In size, the Wolf occupies only 46th place out of 88 in the sky.
The brightest stars in the constellation of the wolf formquite distorted quadrangle. It takes a lot of imagination and imagination to find out the wolf in the figure formed by the stars, which is depicted on old stellar maps.
Location and observation
The wolf is a constellation of the Southern Hemisphere, so itsyou can see the observer, who is in this region of the planet. Its closest neighbors are the Circus, Nugolnik, Hydra and Libra. In the sky, the constellation of the Wolf borders the Centaurus and Scorpio. To find it in the firmament, it is necessary to focus on the constellation of Centaurus and Libra. The constellation of the Wolf is easily detected to the left of the first cluster of stars and to the south of the second. The congestion is quite large. Its list of stars includes 108 heavenly bodies. In good, clear weather, you can see about 70 stars.
At what time is it better to watch the constellation of the Wolf? A good time for observations is in May. It is clearly visible to the south of the 35th parallel.
Mythology of the constellation Wolf
Myths and legends tell about constellations and helpwe interpret the meaning of their names. In the mythology associated with the constellation of the Wolf, it is mentioned that people of the Copper Age did not breed cattle, did not cultivate the land and did not grow trees. The inhabitants only destroyed each other in wars, mired in blood and crimes. They did not respect and respect Gods. For this Thunderer Zeus disliked the people and decided to punish them.
Wrath of the gods
In the first place, his rage fell uponArchangel Bishop Lycaon, who ruled in Lycasur. Zeus, under the guise of an ordinary mortal, descended upon the kingdom of Lycasura. Before this, he sent a sign to the townspeople, and all met the Thunderer, giving proper honors. The only one who did not kneel before Zeus was Lycaon.The pride of the king overshadowed his mind, and then he decidedto check whether Zeus is a god. The ruler hacked one of his slaves, roasted one of the body parts, and cooked the second one and presented it to Zeus. Lycaon suggested that if the stranger is a god, then he must know that the food was made from human meat, and will not eat it. Zeus was terribly angry. In the hands of the thunderer lightning flashed and turned into a pile of ash palace of the lord. The very Lycaon Zeus drew into the wolf and left in the sky in the form of a constellation, the other for edification.
List of stars in the constellation Wolf
In the constellation of the wolf there are no stars of the firstvalues. Nevertheless, there are some second and third luminaries - about 30 of them. The brightest in the constellation is Alfa Volka, the blue giant. It has a star magnitude of 2.3 m.Its other name is Beta Andromeda. The light refers to the closest star cluster relative to the solar system, namely the Centaurus-Scorpio unification.
The Chinese know this star under the name Yang Moon (southerngoal). And the Arabs refer to Alfa Wolf as "Guiding Star" or "Star of Destiny". This historical name was received by the luminary in ancient times from the Arabs, but in astronomy it is used quite rarely. From Earth, the star is quite far away, at a distance of about 550 light years.
Star Beta in the constellation Wolf - a blue giant, located from the Earth at a distance of 524 light years. In China, it is known as Ke Kvan ("cavalryman").
Gamma in the constellation is a double star, in tandem with another blue giant. The Wolf Delta is a white-blue subgiant, also qualifies as a Beta Andromeda variable.
The most visible objects
In the constellation there are several nebulae andstar clusters. In the XIX century, James Dunlop discovered globular clusters NGC 5986 and NGC 5824. Near NGC 5986, the IC 228 B nebula is located. This cloud blocking cloud consists of gas and dust.
The planetary nebula NGC 5882 can be found in the center of the constellation Wolf.Along with this, not far from the center is a fairly wide, open cluster NGC 5822. It includes more than a hundred star formations that are clearly visible in modern telescopes.
To the west of the Wolf there is a pair of spiralgalaxies and the planetary ring nebula - IC 4406. The star formation is remarkable because it contains a large number of hot, atypical Wolf-Rayet stars. This is a fairly rare phenomenon in space.
The constellation of the Wolf is interesting in that it is in ita supernova burst out. This event is dated 1006 year of our era. It was located at a distance of 7,200 light-years from the Sun. The star was huge and radiated a bright light, and also 2-3 times the size of the disk of Venus. In many ancient sources there is a description of the birth of a supernova, which could be observed in daylight.
Constellations - the legacy of the past
Studying the starry sky - busy enoughpleasant and hypnotic. Most likely, the desire and desire to learn new inspired the person to study and observe the starry sky. Not understanding the true nature of the appearance of the stars, the ancients composed legends about the heavenly bodies and united them into constellation groups, calling the names of gods, kings, animals and objects.