"Fedorino grief": author, his biography, fairytale analysis
"Mukha-tsokotukha", "Silver Coat of Arms", "Fedorino Mountain" - the author of these works is known. Creativity Chukovsky, designed for children, is truly phenomenal. Despite the fact that some of his tales have turned 90 years, they do not lose their relevance, bringing children true joy and simultaneously bringing them up. And what else is required of this fairy tale?
Beginning of life
It's no secret to anyone who wrote Fedorino grief. The author is Kornei Chukovsky. He was born in the distant 1882 year. Subsequently, in a brief autobiography of 1964, Chukovsky admitted that he did not like it when he was called the oldest writer. However, this is true, because he was lucky enough to see Alexander Kuprin, Vladimir Korolenko, Alexander Blok and other figures of the Silver Age. The birthplace of Chukovsky was St. Petersburg. His father was a student who left a peasant woman, the writer's mother, with two children. In the city on the Neva, the boy was engaged in self-education, plunged into the subtleties of the English language (which he very much needed when he worked in London as a correspondent for the newspaper "Odessa News").
Returning to Russia, the writer has established contacts with people who are now recognized as classics of literature. Chukovsky owned a number of works devoted to the works of Nekrasov (who was his favorite poet), Chekhov, futurists, mass literature. But when did the one who wrote “Fedorino Woe” become interested in literary creativity for children? The author of this tale, at the invitation of Gorky, began working at Parus Publishing House. Heading in it the children's department, Chukovsky himself thought about writing fairy-tale poetry and prose. Soon the publishing house ceased to exist, and the writer with his "Crocodile" (which was already created at that time) migrated to the "Niva".
Fairy tale analysis, content
In 1926 the fairy tale "Fedorino grief" was published. Who is the author of this work, we have already found out. Next is the analysis of the plot. The fairy tale begins with a strange picture: household goods are running around the field. Sieve, axes, broom, cups with irons - all this rushes unknown where. The only witness to what is happening is a goat, which looks at what is happening with considerable surprise. So begins "Fedorino grief". The author then portrays the culprit of the escape of utensils, in fact, the mistress. She asks to return the escaped utensils, but in vain! It is noteworthy that saucers, cups and plates answer not directly to their owner, but as if addressing the reader, thereby involving him in what is happening.
In the fourth part comes the culmination - an explanation of why the dishes behaved so ungratefully. It turns out that the reason for the flight is due to the fact that the hostess refused to monitor her inanimate assistants, to clean and scrape them. In conversation with the chicken, the dishes reveal the purpose of all that is happening: since the escape looks rather meaningless (in fact, the cups and plates, while walking, are not made cleaner), the imaginary flight wants to frighten Fyodor with utensils. And she succeeds. The mistress becomes kinder, ready to take out the rotten cockroaches, and the dishes decides to return to their owner.
Thus ends "Fedorino grief". The author of the fairy tale invests in her a deep ideological message, which becomes clear even for the children: it is unpleasant to communicate with a sloppy, downtrodden person, he does not cause trust. The author's metaphor can be considered in a broader context - the relationship of a person to his heritage, culture. So they even say about the peculiar "Fedora syndrome", which is still encountered. But the corrected heroine becomes a full-fledged member of society: not for nothing, only in the final part of the tale is her patronymic - Egorovna mentioned. Here is an ordinary fairy tale called "Fedorino grief"! The author teaches young readers of accuracy, neatness. Otherwise be a trouble.
Chukovsky's Further Biography
For a long time the writer did not leave the child's theme he had mastered. Writing such masterpieces as "Moydodyr" and "Fedorino grief", the author created his famous book "From two to five", where he examined the features of the speech of small and very small people. As a linguist, Chukovsky showed himself in the composition "Alive as Life", where he criticized the processes that took place with the Russian language. Special rejection of the writer called the so-called chancellor, who in the Soviet era, he got from the formal-business style he had laid down in other spheres of people's communication. Also Kornei Ivanovich is known as a wonderful translator, who opened the works of Wilde, Kipling and Whitman to the reader.
During the period of his creative maturity, Kornei Ivanovich is a recognized poet, holder of various orders. But even the venerable age (the writer lived to 87 years) did not allow him to just rest on his laurels. On the contrary, he worked hard, invited readers to his dacha, where they could hear their favorite tales from the mouth of their creator.