Hand carving viceFebruary 14, 2014
Convenient to have in your home workshop carpentry vice. With this simple fixture, you can process various pieces of wood, as well as perform threading on wooden products. Many do without a joiner's vice, replacing them with clamps - for example, if it is necessary to process the side face or the end of the board, it is pressed with clamps to a wooden bar, which in turn is pressed against a regular table. This simple device is not very convenient, therefore, a wood vice is necessary. You can buy them in the store or make your own hands.
Shop joinery vice is usually a body with a movable bar that moves along two guides. With its base, the device is screwed to the workbench with nuts and bolts. The jaws are provided with the possibility of fastening the lining of wood, plastic or soft metal to prevent damage to the workpiece. Especially these linings are needed when working with soft woods.
As a rule, in the purchased vice, workpieces with a thickness of more than 20 cm are fixed, therefore, in order not to rotate the clamping screw for too long, a quick-clamping mechanism with a spring is used that retracts the moving jaw of the vice. And in the desired position, the workpiece is fixed with a trapezoidal screw.
Homemade carpentry vice
- The main thing in this example of self-made vice is a screw with a thread of 20 mm and a thread length of 150 mm. Such screws are found in sports corners - they are inserted into the vertical pipes and are used to push the structure to the ceiling. The thread in such screws is large and they are designed for significant loads, so they are well suited for the design of the vice. The longer the screw, the better, because the distance between the jaws of the vice will increase. In this example, the distance between the lips is about 8 cm.
- Also needed will be suitable studs. You can buy them, pick up among the old parts. Or adapt for this kaike something other fasteners. So, in this example, moped mirror mounts were used. These curved fasteners gently straighten on the anvil with a sledgehammer and get straight studs.
- To fix the handle in the long head of the screw must be cut. If it does not match the size of the handle, then you can modify the slot with a round file and expand the hole. As a handle for loosening and tightening the clamping screw, you can use a screw with a ring instead of a cap.
- The fixed sponge of the carpentry vice in this case is a pine board nailed to the table. And the movable part is made of a board with a thickness of 20 mm and a width of 18 mm. The length of the movable sponge - 50 cm.
- In both boards, a screw hole is drilled using a first adjustable drill adjusted to a diameter of 21 mm. The holes for the studs are drilled with a conventional drill with a diameter of 10 mm. In order for both boards to be conveniently drilled through, they are nailed with a pair of nails to each other, and after the drilling is completed, the nails are pulled out.
- Then the studs and screws are inserted into the prepared holes, put washers and nuts.
- In order to make the workpieces shorter in a vice, it is necessary to reposition the studs, so two more holes should be drilled in the boards - closer to the clamping screw.
- If it is possible to find such screws longer,it is possible to make a carpentry vice longer and with two clamping bolts in order to work with long boards and process their side faces as well.
Joiner's vice with the pressed-in nut
For the manufacture of such vise metal brackets are necessary, a bolt and nut for dilution of the vise. In order that the key does not break from the nut while clamping the workpiece, it is pressed into the key. To do this, the sponge key is heated on the fire and cover the nut. The order of manufacture of this simple design is shown in the photo. As you can see, for the manufacture of such vise requires a minimum of parts and materials.
Joiner's vice from shock absorbers
In this example, it becomes clear that in the presence of ingenuity and a large number of old parts, the carpentry vice can be made from anything. In this example, the old shock absorbers, metal corner, nut M18, stud and rod from the gas stop are used as the handle of the joinery vice. The manufacturing process is shown in the photo. The fixture is attached to the table as follows: holes are drilled in the corners between the shock absorbers and fastened with countersunk bolts.To make it easier to work with shock absorbers, metal corners are welded and shock absorbers are burned - they become easier to move.