How to develop a project?

In order to start working on projects,it is necessary to clearly define what the project is and what are the main techniques in working on it so that the work will be successful and lead to a positive result. A project is a process of making something or implementing an idea in the future. That is, the project is a small business plan, if it is a commercial project, or an action plan, if the project is social. If you are innovating, then you need to know how to develop a project.

Commercial project

The main objective of commercial projects is to obtainarrived. Therefore, the more detailed you describe all the stages of the path to this event, the easier it will be then to work and get income. It is necessary to begin, in any case, from the presentation of all your thoughts on paper. First, detail the subject, which will be the main one in your project. It can be the production of some goods (car parts, canned goods, bakery, children's clothes, plastic dishes, etc.), maybe the provision of services (car wash, cafe, tutoring, tourist services, etc.) Also it can be one from the directions of the existing business, for example, in the cafe a new production - baking branded pancakes, car wash - rubbing cars with new compounds, in the children's studio - sewing linen from a special warm fabric.

After you have clearly described the subject matter of yourproject, it is also necessary to clearly describe its ultimate goal. Not just "I want a cafe to make a profit", but specifically: "I want the Lilia Cafe to bring 300 thousand rubles for 1 month, including 50 due to the sale of a new product - pancakes." This goal setting is called SMART and most accurately describes the end point of your project.

Next, you write everything you need to do in order toso that the project takes place. You draw up a concrete plan, indicating the names of the constituent parts of the project, deadlines for execution, responsible and executors, what is needed for this stage - raw materials, documents, hired firms, etc. Each part of the project must be deciphered in terms of costs, negative features and ways to minimize them.

Studying how to develop a project, special attentiongive the financial side of the issue. You must compile a detailed cost estimate. In it, indicate all the costly articles, the time when you need money, sources of funding. Then make a list of expected profits. Of course, at once you will not get a maximum at most, usually the yield for the greatest profit is 6-9 months after the start of the project. Comparing these two lists - costs and revenues, you will be able to assess the future success of the project.

Social project

To determine how to develop a socialproject, you must understand that its purpose is completely different. It can include increasing the legal literacy of the population, increasing political activity among young people, promoting healthy lifestyles, respecting the rights of children and adolescents, and many others. In the structure of such a project there should be all the same items as in a commercial project, but there will not be an estimate of the expected revenues. Also, the goal of the project will be different. Although it is social, it must be expressed in concrete measurable factors. For example, the goal of the project to promote healthy lifestyles will be: increase the number of participants in sections to 200 people, conduct 15 lectures in 4 schools for students from 6 to 8 classes, teach 100 first-graders of five schools to ride a bicycle. Do not formulate it as a slogan "Everybody will run and swim!", You will never be able to control the result of such a project.

School projects

School projects students are now engaged inOften. They concern any scientific direction, their goal is the scientific research of students. Therefore, it is teachers who need to know how to develop a school project. The project includes the choice of the subject, the planning of scientific development, the conduct of the work itself, and the preparation of the presentation. There is no practical application for such a project. He has only a teaching purpose.

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