How to embroider paintings?
Embroidery has long been attractive for its uniquenessand a variety, and this topic excites many, especially in the trendy trend of hand maid, where you can work not only with the usual mulina (thread for embroidery), but also with beads, including rhinestones and beads.
How to start
For those who are interested in how to embroider pictures,It is worth to familiarize with the detailed scheme presented by the sequence of actions. First of all, it is necessary to carry out the preparatory work and to stock up first with a canvas and with a certain scheme (figure). This will allow you to proceed with the selection of basic materials for embroidery. Having familiarized yourself with the embroidery scheme, it is worthwhile to mark the middle of the picture on the canvas, having folded cloth for this purpose four times. Crossing the folds and will define the center for the embroidered print.
It is recommended to pay special attention to the fact,that the circuit itself is not a reflection of the true size for the chosen embroidery. All the cells indicated in the diagram, although they correspond to the squares on the canvas, but are made to scale. Scheme should be used for proper orientation on the canvas. The colored cell does not designate the scheme that it is necessary to make a stitch of the same color on the canvas, and if there is an empty cell in the diagram, then the stitch on the canvas is not made in the same place.
In embroidery of stylish paintings and icons, it is recommendeduse not only embroidery techniques with a cross and beads, where it is desirable to use as a basis canvas, but you can embroider and other decorative stitches. Here the main principle is the conformity of the thickness of the fabric to the thickness of the decorative thread for embroidery. Of course, everyone should understand that fine silk should not be embroidered using thick woolen threads.
It is recommended to embroider embroidery on a frame orspecially prepared framework. As a fabric for embroidery, except canvas, you can apply a lot of materials to choose from: velvet, teak, coarse calico, poplin, cambric, satin, brocade, canvas and chop.
Choosing the basis for embroidery, it is worthbe guided by a certain convention - the fabric must necessarily be natural. Only in this way can the base retain its original properties, which are more characteristic of it - appearance and strength. In this case, the fabric should be pretreated so that it can sit before embroidery begins. It is usually washed in warm water, and then ironed.
For the execution of manual embroidery not onlysilk or cotton threads, and woolen. Cotton threads are a floss. But the metallic is a kind of floss that has the addition of a metallized thread. This group contains varieties of threads with all sorts of effects - precious stones and metals, pearlescent shades or antiquity. Such threads can become an ornament of any embroidery, but most often they are used for embroidering icons.
Can be used as threads for embroiderypopular iris and lined or spun gold, including gold thread, as well as twisted gold. These kinds of threads, as well as to beat, tear and tinker, are usually used and in modern gold sewing. In addition to specialized threads for embroidery, you can also use beads, beads, hem, bugles, sequins, pearls, rhinestones and stones.
Having defined the main materials, it is necessarytake care of the tools you need for embroidery. It is worth buying in advance (except for hoop and needles) and other accessories for embroidery. These are scissors, pencils, stretchers, chalk, tracing paper, awl, millimeter paper and thimble.
Embroidery technique with a cross
If you are interested - how to embroider a crosspaintings, then, it is worth more familiar with the technique of performing horizontal rows. This technique involves first applying the lower stitches, moving in the chosen (more convenient for you) direction, and then returning - the upper stitches. Having mastered the stitches, you can easily figure out how to properly embroider a cross-stitch pattern. Examples of patterns of cross-stitch patterns can be found here.
Among the huge variety of seams on the canvas,The most popular are the seam of the semicircle, the cross is simple and the cross is long. Can also be used, in addition to the rice seam, and combined versions of cross stitch, including the stitch "star", as well as the Bulgarian cross and the seam "Algerian eye". In addition to tapestry and contour seams, counting embroidery with beads is used in embroidery, which will allow to perform original and voluminous paintings.
Embroidery with beads (canvas)
For embroidery with beads, technique is usedstitching in the form of horizontal parallel (or vertical) rows. When the horizontal parallel line is executed, the beadwork is executed along the pattern line of the corresponding scheme horizontally, where the bead color set is produced strictly along this line.
Beginners who do not know how to embroider beadspictures, give advice. When changing to another row, it is necessary to hold the needle on the wrong side of the embroidery, pointing it vertically upwards (or downwards) and bringing it to the front side of the cage in the upper corner.
Embroidery with parallel vertical rowsyou can start not only from above, but also from below, after fixing the thread itself. After removing it on the front side, string the bead and enter in the opposite (diagonally) corner. The thread is guided horizontally along the wrong side.
Embroidery with beads can be used and archedseam - it is used as a method of decoration, not only in counting, but also in free embroidery. Therefore, from all the presented assortment of types of embroidery, it will be possible to understand how to embroider pictures, and in matters related to the choice of embroidery technique, as well as the necessary basic materials - the basis (fabric) and what you decide to embroider pictures or icons.
In fact, except for all kinds of threads and beads, you canwill use in the decorative embroidery of paintings and panels - pebbles, pearls, bugles and other equally original attributes created especially for the universal techniques of the popular handmade.