How to store cerealsApril 1, 2013
The times have already passed when buckwheat, flour and sugar were stored in bags just in case. Now you can find any products on sale, but many still buy cereals in larger quantities than they need for a week, for example - in order not to go to the store often or products have been purchased at a discount. In this case, information on how to store food is useful, because if you treat it with disdain, then soon there will be bugs in buckwheat or rice, and a mole will flit fun in the kitchen. In this case, the consequences will already be irreversible, and therefore have to throw away all purchased products. Consider how to store certain bulk products.
Flour is the product that should be in any home. Even those housewives who are not particularly keen on baking, have reserves of flour, which is used to prepare many dishes. Very often bugs and other “living creatures” get in the flour, and this happens because of the increased humidity. Before sending flour for storage, it must be checked for moisture.And they do it with the help of fingers - they rub a pinch of flour between them. If it creaks between the fingers, the flour is dry, if not - wet, and the dried flour is warm to the touch, and the wet flour is cool.
If bugs and worms are wound up in flour, it must be sifted through a fine sieve (preferably a couple of times), and then poured out on a baking sheet covered with clean paper, 3-4 cm thick and dried in a heated oven. It is important to observe the correct temperature regime - up to 40-45 degrees. Already at a temperature of 50 degrees, the content of wheat grains is “brewed” and the oven from such flour becomes impossible.
Dried flour is better to put in a cloth or paper bag, it is better in two. In the second, larger bag, dried calendula flowers are poured at the bottom. This plant well repels insects and at the same time the flour is not soaked with the smell of calendula. You can also use a clove of garlic to scare away bugs, but in this case the smell will be present. You can replace the garlic with the “heel” of the onion, which is usually thrown away during the cleaning process, but in fact it contains a large amount of phytoncides.
If the stored flour is already rancid, it will not be possible to use it for baking, but you can use it to make paste or wallpaper glue. By the way, if you add a decoction of wormwood to such a paste, the bugs will not start between the wallpaper and the walls.
Millet can usually be stored without losing its taste for four months, after which the cereal can become bitter and unsuitable for consumption. This is due to the fact that the upper shell of the seeds of millet deteriorates. In order to get rid of the bitter taste, the shell must be removed. To do this, the millet is first washed in cold water, and then poured hot and left for 3-4 hours. Then the water is drained, the millet is poured with warm water, per liter of which is added 1 teaspoon of baking soda. After this, the grains of wheat must be rubbed between the hands. Next, the millet is again thoroughly washed, dried in an oven heated to 35 degrees, and it can be used even for a month, not more.
Semolina, in which the worms are wound up, sift through a sieve, pour in cold salted water and wait until the larvae and worms emerge.Dried semolina is very problematic, but you can add it to patties and meatballs and casseroles.
Everyone knows that this cereal must be sorted out in order to get rid of untreated buckwheat grains. After that, it is thoroughly washed under running cold water and sent to the oven for roasting at a temperature of about 60 degrees. Then, after cooling, the croup is placed in a fabric bag and carried to a cold place (you can go to the balcony, to the cellar or to the barn).
Rice, which is stored for a long time, can be struck by pupae of worms or cereal elephants. To get rid of them, the grits should be mixed in a sieve until the rice grains are free from cobwebs, and then the rice should be washed thoroughly several times and dried.
- When buying cereals, you can put the entire package (without printing) in the freezer for a day, and then pour the cereal into a plastic bottle with a wide neck. These containers are tightly closed, so the croup is stored in them perfectly.
- For better storage of flour, starch and cereals, you can put gauze bags filled with salt on the bottom of the selected container.
- Instead of a piece of garlic poured into the container, you can put bay leaves or dry lemon zest instead of a slice of garlic - their strong smell will scare away insects.
- From the appearance of bugs will save and a piece of metal foil (or even just an iron spoon), immersed in grits. It is convenient to put a spoon in a container with flour - it will not only protect against insects, but will also serve for pouring flour.
- In the rice for storage put a pod of red hot pepper, which also will not give a musty smell.
- Stores cereals better in glass or plastic containers with tightly screwed lid.