Hysterectomy and ovariectomy - consequences of removal of the uterus and ovaries
The operation to remove the uterus is very commonin gynecological practice is called hysterectomy. Often, in addition to the uterus, the woman removes the appendages (ovariectomy), the fallopian tubes. This operation is appointed in those cases when drug treatment is ineffective. Hysterectomy is performed by several methods depending on the clinical picture: abdominal or laparoscopic. Operation performed with a laparoscope significantly reduces the rehabilitation period.
Indication for the operation: oncology of the cervix and directly the uterus, cancer of the fallopian tubes and endometrium, prolapse or displacement of the uterus, dysmenorrhea, inflammation of the pelvic organs. The consequences of removal of the uterus, especially in young women, often lead to loss of sexual interest, the development of osteoporosis, emotional imbalance, discomfort during sexual intercourse. After such an operation, the patient is prescribed a course of hormone therapy. These complications can be avoided if the operation is performed after the onset of menopause.
The main cause of tumorneoplasm is endometriosis (proliferation of tissue outside the uterus) in a neglected form it causes profuse bleeding. However, if you start treatment on time, negative consequences can be avoided. Also, hysterectomy is necessary for the loss of the uterus or its displacement, if in this case the work of other internal organs is disrupted - this occurs with obesity, with severe childbirth, due to the weakness of the tissues and ligaments of the pelvis, and the decrease in estrogen. Hysterectomy can be total and partial, in the first case the cervix and uterus are removed, in the second - the upper region of the uterus - the neck is left.
The operation is performed under general anesthesia, and alreadyAfter a few days the patient can get up, but life after removal of the uterus and ovaries, undoubtedly, changes. The general rehabilitation period is about a month. At this time, fever, weakness, bleeding, painful urination (if vaginal hysterectomy was performed) is possible.
Consequences of the removal of the uterus: It is possible to omit the upper vaginal fornix, because supporting tissues becomes smaller. A few hours after the operation, it is necessary to gradually restore blood circulation to prevent the formation of platelets in the lungs and legs. To quickly heal the wound and restore strength, the patient must enter into his diet foods rich in iron (buckwheat, liver, meat, grapefruit).
Negative consequences: lack of reproductive function (inability to give birth), restriction of sexual relations for several months, premature onset of menopause, the risk of heart disease and osteoporosis.
Removal of the uterus and ovaries, consequences with a sign"+": no need to spend money on contraceptives, pads, you can not worry about the onset of an unwanted pregnancy, there will never be a disease of the uterus and appendages.
If you can not do without surgery, then you do not need itavoid, because the problem will remain, and the state of health will only worsen. The consequences of removal of the uterus do not bring serious troubles and complications, but only take away the negative aspects that negatively affect the body. With the preservation of the ovaries, they continue to function as well as in the presence of the uterus, allowing the woman to reliably transfer the climatic period.
The only thing is, they stop their work a bitbefore the due date, in contrast to the situation when the uterus is not removed. Also, the patient improves well-being, eliminates chronic fatigue syndrome, there is an increase in hemoglobin - all these are beneficial effects of removal of the uterus, moreover, a woman will never have a tendency to some pathologies (internal endometriosis, uterine fibroids).