Is there enough milk?
Breast milk is a real gift of nature, itcontains all the nutrients that the baby needs so much. The composition of milk varies with the growth of the child to meet its needs in proteins, fats and carbons. Moms appreciate their opportunity to give their baby such a balanced diet, and therefore many of them are very worried, not knowing if enough of breast milk is enough for their crumbs. This is normal, because it's impossible to determine how much milk is drunk and how much is left on the chest, as on a bottle. But, fortunately, there are several ways to determine if the baby has enough nutrition.
If the newborn, when discharged from the hospital,lost up to 8% of weight, it is absolutely normal. But then he should add about 30 grams per day. The amount of added weight is the most important indicator of whether a baby has enough breast milk.
Just keep in mind that all the weight charts andgrowth are built on observations of infants that are on artificial feeding. Therefore, if your child adds a little less than the diagram requires, you should not worry. The minimum is how much the child can recover - 500 g a month to six months. This means that all systems and organs develop well.
By the way, if the baby was born with a weight of 4 kg,he, most likely, will have his own individual schedule of mass recruitment. So do not rush, it is not justified to give him a mixture as a supplement, but pay attention to the principle number 2.
Assimilation of milk
It is very easy to determine the saturation of milk by the frequency of urination and feces. All that was eaten, definitely digested.
At first, the baby will urinate more often. The first 2-3 days the newborn eats colostrum, and it is very well and quickly absorbed and the body does not need to cleanse it. These days there will be 2-3 micturitions, but after the arrival of milk - 10-16. If you use diapers, it will not be easy for you to understand how wet the baby is. You can conduct a special test: use diapers for a day, instead of diapers and count the number of urination. The urine should not have a smell and be pale yellow in color.
But, most importantly, you should know thatDehydration is a real threat to children's health! Dehydration, which lasts longer than three days, leads to damage to the kidneys, brain, liver. We need to call a doctor as soon as possible. Watching whether the baby's milk is enough, pay attention to signs of dehydration:
- A poorly audible voice,
- General lethargy,
- Dry lips,
- Spring, sunk inside,
- Inelastic skin,
- Less than 6 emictions per day (if the child is more than 10 days old),
- Urine has a dark or brick color.
If the child is normally urinating, but the stool isthere is probably no need to think about whether there is enough milk, which is behind and is more fat than the front. Invite a breastfeeding consultant to your doctor, he will tell you how to fix the problems.
Signs that indicate sufficient milk production can not give a complete picture of the amount of breast milk. Here is their list:
- After feeding, the breast becomes soft,
- The chest is filled before feeding,
- The child sometimes falls asleep under the breast,
- The newborn is correctly fitted to the chest,
- The child seems rather full after eating,
- Sucking is rhythmic and lasts 5-15 minutes,
- Before or after feeding, there is a sensation of tingling,
- Milk seeps from the second breast.
How do you know if you have enough milk? Call a breastfeeding consultant, he can even by phone determine the seriousness of your experiences.
Milk is enough if:
- The child urinates at least six times a day, urine with a slight smell and color. If the baby is often in diapers, then you should not worry if you change them 4-5 times.
- The weight gain is not less than 250 g for two weeks (but do not rely solely on this criterion, each child is individual).
- The break between feedings is 1.5 - 2 hours,
- The stool is regular, its consistency is soft and homogeneous.
Milk is not enough if:
- The child did not restore lost weight after birth for two or more weeks, further weight gain is very slow, the child recovers less than half a kilogram per month.
- Urination is very rare.
- Urination is quite frequent, but there is practically no stool - most likely, you have a shortage of back milk.
- Stool with a dense consistency, its color is green or brown.
- The kid worries, and cries in breaks between the feedings (first make sure that it is not colic).
- Even after feeding, he worries and does not want to let go of his chest.
Now you know how to determine if there is enough milk. Here are some more tips for you:
- If you want to have the right babyfeeding, do not use nipples, pacifiers, bottles and mixtures. When breastfeeding, there is no need to give the child water from the bottle. By giving the newborn a pacifier, you make it lazy, after that, he will not want to make any effort to suckle the breast.
- When the lactation process is just beginning, inthe first days and even weeks, you need to express excess milk after each feeding, so that the breast does not become dense, and the inflammatory process does not begin. After a while, the milk will arrive in the amount that the baby needs, and the breast will be soft. Then the decantation can be stopped.
- To then not think about how to understand whether there is enough milk, study all the rules of breastfeeding. You need to know all the features of lactation to feed your baby as long as possible.