Lack and excess of calcium in the body: symptoms, signs and treatment. How to identify and compensate for calcium deficiency in the body of an adult and a child
Calcium deficiency is a serious problem, the neglect of which can lead to terrible diseases! It is for this reason that calcium deficiency should be treated accordingly, constantly replenishing the body’s resources with this essential trace element.
The main thing in the article
The role of calcium in the human body
Not everyone understands the role of calcium in the body. The fact that calcium is the basis of the skeleton, nails, teeth and hair, everyone knows, but is this the whole list? Few people know, but it is thanks to calcium in the human body that the acid-base balance, muscle contraction and hormone production are regulated.Moreover, calcium is an important component of the body in combating inflammatory processes.
The fact that calcium deficiency is bad is understandable. But the excess does not lead to positive results. In this case, it is important to find a middle ground so that calcium is exactly as much as the body needs.
For an adult, the rate per day is 0.8 grams of calcium. For pregnant women - 1 gram. Calcium is a true friend for athletes, so it should be taken almost constantly, as it is easily excreted with sweat.
For children, this is generally a separate topic, since the child is constantly in the process of growth and his body desperately needs calcium intake.
What is the risk of lack of calcium in the body?
A lack of calcium at the initial stage can lead to hair loss, brittle teeth and brittle nails. But, if you do not replenish the reserves of calcium, then after some time more global problems will begin: the fragility of the bones - permanent fractures, pain in the joints, the appearance of skin diseases, etc. The list can be continued for a long time.
The main problem is becoming a known disease - osteoporosis.Previously, only older people suffered from this disease, but in our time, given the state of the environment and nutrition, osteoporosis is increasingly observed in the younger generation and even in children.
Osteoporosis is a decrease in the density of human bones, which leads to their fragility. Result: permanent fractures and inability to bone formation.
Calcium deficiency in the body: causes and signs
Causes of Calcium Deficiency
- Improper nutrition.
- Permanent exercise.
- Hard physical work.
- Treatment with drugs that contribute to the loss of calcium.
- The rapid growth of the body (children) w
Signs of calcium deficiency
- Constant fatigue, even in the morning after waking up.
- Hard to sleep in the evening, difficult to get up in the morning.
- No concentration.
- The deterioration of the hair (fragility, dullness), nails (fragility, delamination), teeth (hypersensitivity to food temperature and the sharp appearance of caries).
- The appearance of nosebleeds.
- The appearance of allergic reactions.
- Persistent colds (reduced immunity).
If you experience most of the above symptoms, then you should go to the hospital,to get tested. There are many different reasons why you may experience discomfort or weakness. It is necessary to calculate the provoking factor. In case of a lack of calcium, start with a healthy diet and taking a vitamin complex containing calcium.
Excess calcium in the body: how to recognize?
An excess of calcium is much less common deficit, but this situation is no better. Excess calcium may occur in people who constantly drink raw milk and consume large quantities of dairy products. With the appearance of malignant tumors, an increased level of calcium in the body is also observed.
What are the symptoms of excess calcium in the body?
- Loss or apparent loss of appetite.
- Lower abdominal pain.
- The appearance of seizures.
An excess of calcium leads to disruption of the normal functioning of the brain, resulting in loss of consciousness and hallucinations. Calcium is also deposited in the kidneys, forming stones.
Calcium in the body of a child
Calcium for the body of the child is its most important component, because it participates absolutely in all vital processes.Growth, the immune system, the development of memory, the endocrine and nervous systems, the normal functioning of the brain are all connected and depend on the level of calcium in the body.
Calcium deficiency can lead to stunting of the child, fragility of the bones, the appearance of nighttime muscle cramps, and persistent infectious and catarrhal diseases.
If you notice that the child is not cheerful, feels weak, gets very tired at school or in the garden, does not act, then you should check the level of calcium in his body. To do this simply in the nearest hospital. If, according to the test results, the child does not have enough calcium, focus on nutrition: cook him exceptionally healthy food, reduce the intake of carbonated drinks, fatty and salty. Go out for a walk more often, limit his contact with the computer and monitor his posture! Posture in children is the first sign of calcium deficiency. Write your child on the sports section. Especially useful trips to the pool, physical activity + water massage = huge health benefits!
What is calcium washed out?
First of all, calcium is washed away by excessive consumption of certain foods and beverages.
- Coffee, green tea, carbonated drinks.
- Dietary cereals: oatmeal and semolina.
- Salt, its excessive use in food.
- Nicotine (smoking).
- Sugar - in large quantities.
- Daily eating meat without fiber (vegetable salads, greens).
- Diets - food imbalance.
Calcium is also derived from drugs that are prescribed to treat many diseases. When prescribing such treatment, physicians should simultaneously prescribe a course of calcium intake.
Calcium absorption: which calcium is better absorbed
Scientific research has shown that calcium citrate or calcium carbonate is best absorbed. It is with such components that you need to look for drugs. Calcium is absorbed with the help of vitamin D3 or magnesium, therefore, it is recommended to select complex preparations and to visit the open air more often, especially in sunny weather.
In order to enhance the absorption of calcium, it is worth taking in the afternoon. The thing is that at night, calcium is excreted from the body in the maximum amount. If you divide calcium intake twice - at lunch and in the evening, you will be able to maximally compensate for its loss at night and contribute to the rapid absorption in the evening.
How to compensate for the lack of calcium in the body?
Proper, balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle: here is the recipe for normalizing the level of calcium in the body.
What should eat?
- Dairy products (especially cottage cheese).
- Legumes (beans, peas).
- Cabbage, both white and Savoy.
- Walnut, pistachios, hazel.
Calcium Products Table
Also, do not forget about the daily physical exertion, at least in the form of morning exercise, which has a beneficial effect on the general condition, including emotional. Calcium deficiency is a problem that can be overcome; the main thing is to follow all the recommendations mentioned above.