Population of Donetsk region. Population of Donetsk region

Donetsk region is a region with a high concentration of industrial production, transport and a significant population density. According to the State Statistics Committee, on 1.01.2015 the population of the Donetsk region is estimated at 4,31 million. 165 population density people / km2- this indicator is higher in 2,2 times than the average for Ukraine (75,5 person / km²).

population of Donetsk region

Statistics

On the question of how many people in the Donetsk region, definitely no one will answer. It should be borne in mind that a difficult political situation significantly affects the migration of residents of the region, so their exact number can not be calculated at this time. At 1.01.2013 in the region there were 18 districts, 52 cities (28 of which is of regional importance), 131 urban settlements and 1118 other settlements where 4375000 people lived. The urban population was 3964200 (91%), rural - 411000 (9%). The percentage ratio is approximately the same and remains, although the absolute data decreased noticeably.

On the territory, which occupies 4,4% of the area of ​​Ukraine, about 20% of all production capacities of the country are concentrated and 9,6% of the population lives. In terms of numbers, Donetsk Oblast occupied the unconditional first place among other regions of the country.

population Ukraine Donetsk region

The demographic crisis

The population of Lugansk and Donetsk regions due to the armed conflict has decreased markedly. Data from different sources is different, but even modest calculations tell of hundreds of thousands of refugees who left the region. The authorities of the DPR and the LPR speak about 825000 refugees (450000 from Donetsk and 375000 from Lugansk regions), the FMS of the Russian Federation reported on 733000 migrants. UN data are much more modest: 200000 displaced citizens in Russia and 190000 within Ukraine.

But even before these events in the Donbas there was a demographic crisis. Thus, in 2013, the population of Donetsk region decreased by 2012 people in 27700, including in urban settlements - by 23200 people, in rural areas - 4500 people. Per 1, a thousand people decreased the population by 6,3 people, while the intensity of the reduction in rural areas is 1,9 times higher (11 people per 1000 inhabitants) than in urban areas (5,8 at 1000).

The total population decline in 2012 on 99,7% was formed due to the natural reduction (the number of deaths 1,6 times the number of births) and 0,3% due to migration outflow (the number of departures by 0,1% exceeded the number of arrivals).

how many people in the Donetsk region

Dynamics

In the 1930-x Donetsk region became the largest population in the region of Ukraine, ahead of Vinnytsia region. In 1959 here lived 10,2% of the population of Ukraine, in 1970 and 1979 years - 10,4%. In 1989, the population of Donetsk region decreased to 10,3%, in 2014 - to 9,6%. The proportion of elderly citizens (over 60 years) in the Donbass is 10,7% of the population of the country, while among the population under the age of 14, only 8,3%.

During the 2014 events on the part of the territory of the Donetsk region, a quasi-state education was formed - the Donetsk People's Republic. As of the 2015 year, it controlled approximately 1 / 3 areas in the Donetsk region, where before the war 55,8% of its population lived.

Population: Ukraine, Donetsk region

Historical dynamics of population change in the Donetsk region:

  • 1926: 1645000 people.
  • 1939: 3099810 people
  • 1959: 4262048 people
  • 1970: 4891979 people
  • 1979: 5160641 people
  • 1989: 5332395 people
  • 2001: 4841074 people
  • 2014: 4343900 people

The first half of 2015

Although the population of the Donetsk region is not known reliably, local authorities on both sides keep statistics. The basic demographic indicators for January-June 2015 in comparison with the same period 2014:

The areas controlled by Kiev (2015), pers.

Districts controlled by the DPR (2015), people

2014

Natural movement of the population

-13500

-10000

-16500

Number of deaths

21706

14321

36230

Number of births

8242

4320

19663

population of Donetsk region

Age structure

The population of Donbass among the regions of Ukraine is characterized by the highest rates of population aging. In 1989, the population under the age of 14 years decreased by 50% (in Ukraine - 40%), older than 65 years, on the contrary, increased by 31% (in Ukraine - 15%).

In the period 1989-2014. the average age in the region increased by 5,7 years (in Ukraine - by 4,1 years), median - by 6,5 years (in Ukraine - by 5 years). What is the largest increase in the average age of the population among all Ukrainian regions.

In 2014, the average age of citizens was 42,5, which is 1,9 more than the average Ukrainian. According to this coefficient, the Donetsk region takes the last place among the regions of Ukraine, only in the Chernihiv region the average age of the population was higher. The median age of the population of the Donetsk region in 2014 was 42,1 of the year - by 2,3 of the year more than in Ukraine.

Urbanization

In the Donetsk region, the highest level of urbanization among the regions of Ukraine is recorded, more than 90% of its population live in cities. This indicator is stable over the past decades, compared to 1979, it grew by only 1,5%, and compared to 1989-m - by 0,3%.

Simultaneously, the urban population of the Donetsk region together with the neighboring Lugansk region are characterized by the highest rates of depopulation in Ukraine. In 1989-2014 the urban population of the region decreased by 18,2%, which is twice as high as the average for Ukraine (9,4%). On the Donetsk region in 1989-2014 years. had 27% of the total reduction of the urban population of Ukraine (877400 of 3251000).

Year

Urban population

Percentage of urbanization

1926

648000

39,5

1939

2420000

78

1959

3656000

85,8

1979

4600000

89,1

1989

4815000

90,3

2001

4364000

90,1

2014

3938000

90,6

Largest cities

List of cities of Donbass (2014) by the number of inhabitants:

  • Donetsk: 945000 people.
  • Mariupol: 458000 people
  • Makeevka: 352000 people.
  • Gorlovka: 254000 people
  • Kramatorsk: 163000 people.
  • Slavyansk: 116000 people.
  • Enakievo: 81000 people.
  • Artemovsk: 77000 people
  • Konstantinovka: 76000 people
  • Krasnoarmeysk: 64000 people
  • Druzhkovka: 59000 people.
  • Khartsyzsk: 58000 people

population composition of Donetsk region

Ethno-linguistic structure

The composition of the population of the Donetsk region due to the post-war large-scale restoration of industrial enterprises, which required the recruitment of labor resources from the interior regions of the USSR, is characterized by national diversity.

Nationality

1926

1959

1979

2001

Ukrainians

61,6%

55,6%

50,9%

56,9%

Russian

24,6%

37,6%

43,2%

38,2%

The Greeks

6,2%

2,2%

1,8%

1,6%

Belarusians

1,5%

1,5%

0,9%

Tatars

0,6%

0,5%

0,4%

Although the citizens who consider themselves Ukrainians, the majority, the majority of the population prefers to speak Russian. Dynamics of the native language of Donbass according to censuses:

Nationality

1897

1959

1979

2001

Ukrainians

53%

44%

32%

24%

Russian

25%

54%

66,5%

75%

Others

22%

2%

1,5%

1%

Place of Birth

The population of Donetsk region has a significant percentage of visitors. Statistics for 2001 year (census data) indicates that 85,2% of Donbass residents were born in Ukraine (USSR), 14,3% in the CIS (for example, 11,9% in the RSFSR / RF) and 0,3% in foreign countries.

Among the born on the territory of Ukraine 74,4% were born in the territory of Donbass, 10,8% - in other areas. Compared with the census of 1989, the proportion of natives of the Donetsk region in its population increased by 11,4% (from 63,0% to 74,4%), natives of other regions of Ukraine decreased by 5% (from 15,7% to 10,7%), natives of Russia declined by 8,6 % (from 17,5% to 8,8%).

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