Summary Chekhov "Peresolil." The slavish thinking of peasants
A.P. Chekhov "Peresolil" wrote in 1876. Like all the stories of the early period, this one stands out with carefree humor and deep hidden meaning. Anton Pavlovich despised all sorts of "shortcuts" and did not understand the adherence of contemporaries to any ideas. Therefore, the writer increasingly in his works appealed to "simple" events, ordinary people, people's lives without jewelry and conjectures. The story "Peresolil" at first glance does not stand out as anything special, but if you look closely, you can see a huge number of problems taken from Russian reality.
Description of the poverty of Russian villages
At the station of Gnilushka comes land surveyor GlebSmirnov - it is about this narrates the summary. Chekhov "Overdone" wrote with obvious sarcasm, the writer shows the poverty of the peasants, and even the name of the station speaks for itself - everywhere there is rot and decay. The surveyor was summoned to the surveying by General Khokhotov. The man still has to drive about 40 versts, but the station gendarme can not find him postal horses. Smirnov can only appeal to local peasants who, for a moderate fee, can bring him to their destination.
Gleb Gavrilovich really succeedsto agree with one of the peasants. A pockmarked, silent, hefty, dressed in a sleaze - that's how the brief describes the driver. Chekhov "Peresolil" wrote to show not only the poverty of ordinary peasants, but their manner of acting. Horse the guy was, though young, but very thin, the cart moved with just four lashes, which once again underlines Russian natural sluggishness and laziness.
Excessive cowardice of the surveyor
The cart went off in the evening, when alreadywas getting dark. Smirnov saw on one side some dark haystacks, on the other - a frozen plain, and in front everything was covered by the huge back of Klim. The surveyor became frightened, because he did not know the driver, the night fell on the ground, and they only traveled together in an unknown direction. Gleb Gavrilovich tried to talk the peasant, he began to question him about the bandits, but Clim was a terse one. Smirnov was alarmed by this behavior, and he began to inculcate that he has a revolver, which he will immediately use in the event of an attack - this is exactly what the summary says.
Chekhov "Peresolil" wrote for the purpose of showingslavish mentality of the peasants, because Clim did not doubt for a moment that his fellow traveler had weapons. When the cart entered the forest, Smirnov became very frightened, he began to take heart, to say that four more comrades were following him, that he would not even mind fighting fighters. The driver was impressed about the meeting of the surveyor with the three robbers story. Chekhov "Peresolil" wrote to show how long the peasants will depart from serfdom.
Dark forest thickets and restless lookThe driver frightened the surveyor and he began to fumble through his pockets, pretending that he was looking for a revolver. Then Clim could not stand it and jumped off the cart right on the run. The fact that the peasant from the bushes asked the master to take both the wagon and the horse, just not to kill him, tells a brief summary. Chekhov "Overdone" wrote to tell about the blind submission of the villagers. Clim looked like a healthy man, but it never occurred to him to defend himself, he left his last property without hesitation and fled.
Only after two hours the hoarse surveyor cried outto the driver and persuaded him to continue the journey. Clim grumbled that if he knew that this would happen, he would not have gone for any money, because the master frightened him to death.