Symptoms of AIDS: how to identify the disease
Due to the fact that the immunodeficiency virus inmost cases occur asymptomatically (except for the acute stage of HIV infection), without passing a special test, the disease is difficult to identify. But the signs of AIDS, which manifest themselves quite clearly, just become a natural consequence of neglected HIV infection.
The manifestation of AIDS in five stages of the disease
In connection with what has been said above, it can be argued thatAIDS is the final form of the development of the immunodeficiency virus. The disease itself can last for quite a long time, and in its development it passes five following steps, for each of which AIDS has the corresponding signs.
1. Sharp exacerbation of the disease. It occurs 1-3 months after the person becomes infected. It is characterized by an increase in temperature, a deterioration in overall health, an increase in lymph nodes, sore throat and headaches. In some cases, there may also be a rash in the most varied parts of the body. The duration of the stage is 14-20 days.
2. Asymptomatic period, which can last from 2 to 10 years and even longer. The only sign (and not always) is a small increase in lymph nodes.
3. PGL (persistent generalized lymphadenopathy). The stage is characterized by a strong increase in lymph nodes. The duration of the PGL is no more than 3 months.
4. Pre-AIDS (AIDS-associated complex). Here the symptoms are more pronounced. This is a sharp decrease in the body weight of the person (about 10%), and persistent diarrhea, and febrile states, and a strong cough (dry and choking), and the presence of a large number of cutaneous disorders.
5. The final stage of the formation of AIDS. The above symptoms are permanent and progress strongly.
In addition, according to the WHO classification, depending on which AIDS symptoms prevail in the clinical picture, four forms can be distinguished in the disease.
Signs of AIDS with pulmonary disease
With this form of AIDS, the prevailing placeoccupy the symptoms of pneumonia (hypoxia, dyspnea, cough, pain in the chest), which, in turn, develop against the background of increasing weight loss, fever and general deterioration of the patient. Radiographically, there are extensive infiltrates in the lungs.
Signs of AIDS in the neurological form of the disease
As a result of numerous studies, whichincluded the study of autopsy material, in the case of HIV infection, manifestations of various and heterogeneous pathologies of the nervous system are extremely frequent (up to 95%). These are such symptoms as meningitis, encephalopathy, myelopathy, encephalitis.
Signs of AIDS in the gastrointestinal form of the disease
Here the leading place is occupied by the recurrent(persistent) diarrhea, which is accompanied by progressive weight loss, intoxication and dehydration. The patient's chair is watery, frequent, often fetid and with impurities of pus, mucus and blood. Loss of fluid with only feces per day is up to 10-15 liters. Some patients note painful pains in the intestines. Sometimes such diseases as stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, hepatitis, cholecystitis, colitis chronic develop, as well as bleeding in the stomach and intestines and other disorders of the digestive system. Also, this form of AIDS can be accompanied by lesions of the intestine of a tumor character (primarily lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma).
Signs of AIDS in the feverish form of the disease
For this form periodic peaks are characteristicbody temperature (before febrile) against a background of weight loss, general malaise, increasing weakness. In a number of patients with the above symptoms, microbacteria in biopsies of lymph nodes, bone marrow and liver have been detected.