The female image in the novel "The Hero of Our Time": an essay
Creativity of the great Russian writer and poet M. Yu. Lermontov left a tangible mark in the history of world literature. The study of images created by him in poems and novels enters the system of planned familiarization not only for schoolchildren, but also for students of many higher educational institutions. "The female image in the novel" The Hero of Our Time "- this is the theme of one of the compositions for high school students.
Lermontov is a poet or prose writer
The inner creative world of the writer is soit is multifaceted that one can not say exactly which genre was more typical for him. There are frankly lyrical works, there are romantic, there are heavy dramatic opuses associated with his participation in military operations in the Caucasus.
Here it is worth noting that Lermontov was stillmore poet than prose writer. After all, for his short though rather productive creative life, he wrote hundreds of poems and poems. But prose - quite a bit, which, of course, makes it even more attractive to readers.
Women and Honor
It is interesting that Lermontov, despitesome drama of his works, he knew how to wonderfully delicately write in them gentle and timid, and sometimes - courageous and resolute young ladies. The female image in the novel "The Hero of Our Time", for example, is the character of not one, but several girls, and they are all very different.
According to the essays and memoirs of contemporaries, the poetloved women, moreover, he was inspired by them to create his works. Awesome attitude towards women was emphasized first of all in matters of honor. One wrong word spoken to even an unfamiliar lady could cause a duel. Lermontov was very quick-tempered, but in the meantime he was quick-witted, which his friends often used to somehow moderate the poet during the next conflict. However, dueling did happen anyway. One of them ended with the death of the poet.
Woman is a muse
But women were not only the reason for the poet's quarrelswith the outside world. They endowed him with creative forces to create new works. Therefore, all the female images described by Lermontov are very harmonious in nature. The female image in the novel "The Hero of Our Time" is not an accident, nor a whim of M. Yu. Lermontov. Indeed, one can rightfully say that none of the problems of that (and the present time) can not do without the participation of the fair sex.
If we talk about what is the female image innovel "Hero of Our Time", then first of all it should be understood that this is a composite definition. Heroines of the novel were three girls - Bela, Princess Mary and Vera. The most curious thing is that the images are written very carefully and distinctly, taking into account the origin of girls, upbringing and even nationality.
Bela is a young native of the Caucasus. She struck the main character Pechorin with his spontaneity and innocence. Some wildness of the girl's character fully corresponds to the customs of her homeland. Yes, and savagery it seems only to the enlightened residents of St. Petersburg. Bela is honest and straightforward.
Pechorin gives a real pleasure wrestlingfor her. In his opinion, there is everything in Bel that is so lacking for experienced secular lionesses. However, as soon as Pechorin achieves love, he realizes that they are deceived in their aspirations. It turns out that spontaneity and unusualness also get boring. Having received the desired, the main character concludes that the love of a savage is in principle no different from the love of women he knows. However, this approach is typical for the personality of Pechorin. It is peculiar to him very quickly to be disappointed in everything and to seek new sensations. So, the first female image in the novel "The Hero of Our Time" - Bela - is the firmness, honesty, integrity of the girl's soul.
Very different looks like the image of Princess MaryLigovskaya. Before acquaintance with the girl, Pechorin heard about her quite ironic statements of another character in the novel - Grushnitsky. Basically they were reduced to some disregard of the provincial society of Pyatigorsk. The small world of the district town is mocked by Pechorin. But he accepts the rules of playing the local high society in order to entertain another intrigue, this time with the princess.
Actually, the next female image in the novel"The hero of our time" - Mary - is a young, well-bred, flirtatious and slightly flippant young lady. Besides all the rest, the princess is sure that the society in which she is, the most that neither is higher and noble. And therefore it is worth sticking to the laws adopted in it.
This can not but cause the irony of Grushnitsky andPechorin. They are both drawn into the intrigue of winning Mary's heart. However, for Pechorin this is another entertainment, which can not be said about Grushnitsky. In addition, for the main character, a visit to Ligovsky is an occasion to see another heroine of the novel, Vera.
This is perhaps the main female image in the novel"Hero of our time". Faith - a young lady, a relative of the princess for her husband, who also happens to Ligovskys. Previously, Pechorin had close relations with her.
It was Vera that managed to understand Pechorin, to accept himwithout reservations as it is. Pechorin can not forget the girl. Accidentally meeting her, he realizes that the feelings are still there. But, describing the female image in the novel "The Hero of Our Time" (the composition can not do without some presentation of the content), one should not forget about the selfishness of the protagonist, which manifests itself in relation to Vera, who successfully married a rich man. If in the case of Bela and Mary Pechorin just having fun, then in his intrigue with Vera his ego is hurt. He can not put up with the fact that his, as it seems to him, woman belongs to another.
Male egoism of Pechorin
What is he - the main female image in the novel"Hero of our time"? A brief summary of the relationship between Vera and Pechorin can be conveyed in several sentences. The lady does not immediately understand the true aspirations of Pechorin and quietly explains to him as a close person that her marriage is a commercial transaction necessary to secure her son's future.
Pechorin also uses the frankness of the Faith andpushes the environment. He specifically renders the signs of Mary's attention in the hope of causing jealousy in the lady of the heart. He succeeds. Faith in despair. She understands that old feelings are again overwhelming her. But she has a husband to whom she is devoted in her own way. Pechorin understands the situation and genuinely enjoys his power over the girl.
The moral purity of Faith
In the end, Vera makes a decision in everythingconfess to her husband. She tells him about her former relations with Pechorin and about the flaring feelings again. Without thinking twice, the husband decides to leave. Pechorin rushes in pursuit, but his attempt is in vain. He cries from a sense of loss and evil selfishness.
"The female image in the novel" The Hero of Our Time "» -the composition is complex. After all, you need to compare all three heroines, give them an assessment. The image of the Faith was written out by Lermontov most carefully. Here there is vice, and jealousy, and moral purity at the same time. For Pechorin - this, by his own definition, is an ideal woman. But for Vera, relations with Pechorin are a moral and spiritual impasse. However, she has the courage to honestly talk about her husband and leave, leaving the main character to deal with the fruits of his intrigues and selfishness.