The level of hemoglobin in the blood: the norm and pathology
The human body is very complex. To date, one of the most important in all respects is the level of hemoglobin in the blood. Its rate may fluctuate sufficiently. At the same time for women and men it has different meanings.
The level of hemoglobin in the blood: the norm
This indicator is very important for anyrights. A representative of the beautiful half of humanity has a slightly lower level of hemoglobin in the blood. The norm in the male part of the population is at a level that starts from 130 g / l and up to 160 g / l. As for women, for them the lower bar of this indicator is located at around 120 g / l. If we talk about the upper limit of the norm, then for women it is at a level of 150 g / l.
The normal level of hemoglobin in the blood is veryis important for the human body for the reason that it is this protein that carries oxygen transport. In the event that it significantly decreases, it can lead to very serious consequences.
Reduced hemoglobin level in the blood
In the event that this most important indicatorlow enough, this leads to the development of a disease such as anemia. The decrease in the amount of this protein is accompanied by a very strong sensation of weakness, rapid fatigue, a decrease in the capacity for productive work, and dizziness, and in some cases even fainting. Anemia can be observed in several cases:
- If you lose a lot of blood.
- Anemia is a common sign of hemolytic processes(destruction of red blood cells). The fact is that hemoglobin is carried by erythrocytes, and after their death is unable to perform its immediate function.
The composition of hemoglobin is an iron molecule. Without it, this complex protein is useless. As a result, when this metal is deficient, a disease such as anemia with iron deficiency is formed in the body. Very important for normal levels of hemoglobin and erythrocytes is vitamin B12. If it is not enough, anemia with a deficiency of this important substance is formed. In addition, the polyfactorial form of this disease is distinguished.
How to achieve normal performance?
Everyone should follow what he hasthe level of hemoglobin in the blood. The norm in the insufficiency of this important protein can be achieved in various ways. In the event that its level drops below 70 g / l, transfusion of red blood cells becomes necessary. After this procedure, a person with anemia feels much easier, but it is fraught with the development of some complications.
In the event that there is not enough iron, thenproportionally decreases the level of hemoglobin in the blood. The norm can be achieved by eating meat (especially pork and beef), and by taking special iron preparations. Anemia with B deficiency12It is treated by intramuscular injection of the appropriate vitamin.
In acute blood loss, you have to use special blood-substitution solutions. They can quickly eliminate hypovolemia and restore the function of the circulatory system.
The level of hemoglobin is detected using a general blood test. This study is now being carried out for almost all patients who seek medical help.