The most famous historical and cultural regions of the world
Ever since our planet startedhumanity, its history also began. However, in general, one can not speak about this science, because initially all people were divided into tribes that lived in completely different regions of the world. Someone was honored to live on the shores of the oceans, on the islands, others struggled with the cold in the tundra, the third were in hot deserts ... It was thanks to this trend that the historical and cultural regions of the world were formed. Therefore, the features of the brightest of them, we now consider in detail.
What are such regions?
Historical, cultural areas of the world representare certain areas of our planet in which humanity was born and developed. They are distinguished by a separate, individual way of development, which largely depended on the climate and natural conditions. Similarly, historical and cultural areas differ from each other monuments of architecture, traditions, religious rites and faith, etc. In addition, significant differences are observed in types of farming. An interesting fact is that the boundaries that the historical and cultural regions of the world had from the moment of their formation, without particularly significant changes, have reached our days.
Type of division
If to speak absolutely generalized, it is possibleTo count only four historical areas in our world: Eurasia, America, Africa and Australia. However, within each of them there are a lot of provinces, the way of life and culture of which have their own individual, not identical color. In addition, the historical and cultural regions of the world are also characterized by ethnic categories. In each of these areas people live, races and types of which are not similar to each other. Thanks to this, we can distinguish, say, a resident of Beijing from a native of California not only in terms of language and clothes, but also from external data. Below is a list of the most important cultural provinces, which originated in time immemorial and exist to this day.
Europe in all its glory
Part of the world called Europe, no matter howparadoxically, is the smallest on our planet, and at the same time its cultural heritage is one of the richest, on par with the Asian or African. Historical and cultural areas of these lands became the main for the further development of traditions in America, and also influenced the Australian continent and even most of Russia. The countries that are within this cultural-ethnic region are small by their area, but each of them differs from the previous one, has its own language, history, traditions and beliefs. Well, let's briefly consider each of the areas that will cover several states.
Historical and cultural area of Western Europe
About what countries are now part of this area,there are disputes. Someone there refers France, Andorra, Germany, Monaco, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Others stretch this region from the UK to Spain. In the historical sense, we can single out one single region - the West Central European zone, which is identical in language group and in everyday life. Here live the Caucasians who speak Indo-European Germanic and Romance languages, as well as Celtic, Finno-Ugric, Greek and Albanian. The type of farm is plow farming. At the same time today most of the population lives in cities. The type of construction of houses in the history of Europe has not changed: in the north - carcass, in the center - frame, in the south - stone and brick. Meals based on flour basis, as well as meat, various wines and hot drinks (mainly tea) predominate in the diet. In all of Europe, a single religion is Christianity, which is represented in the form of Catholicism and Protestantism.
To one of the largest in its territory andvarious in their traditions area are adjacent to various other historical and cultural areas of Eurasia. This is the Eastern European province, which stretches from west to east from Poland to the Ural range, and from north to south - from the Arctic Ocean to the Caucasus. Many ethnoses live here, among which there are Russians, Byelorussians, Ukrainians, Caucasians, Udmurts, Tatars, Chuvashes, Karelians, Estonians and many others. Sown plow farming is common in this area. Houses are built of stone, after which they are mostly coated with clay and whitened. A characteristic feature of any home is the stove. Traditional soups for this cultural area are soups (hot in the north, cold in the south), pancakes, pies, porridges, as well as beverages - kvass and tea. Eastern European province is characterized by the Orthodox religion, but in some southern and near areas of Asia, many people are Muslims.
This territory of mixing of Caucasoid andMongoloid races. It stretches from the Caspian Sea to the east and covers both the desert plains and the very high mountains of the Pamir and Tien Shan. In this area, Kyrgyz, Tajiks and Kazakhs reside. The type of housing varies, depending on the climate. In the south - clay houses with flat roofs, in the north - yurts. Among the beverages, tea, ayran and koumiss were and are popular. Also, Central Asia gave the world a special dish - pilaf, which is traditional for them. Religions are also mixed here - on these lands live and Orthodox, and Muslims, and Buddhists.
In general, the historical and cultural areas of the world are difficultimagine without the Far Eastern region. Here live representatives of the Mongoloid race of the Pacific type, which belong to the Sino-Tibetan family, Japanese and Korean. Initially, the type of farm was formed-irrigation manual farming, later trade, light industry, and transport began to develop. Dwellings in the region are built primarily on a pile foundation, filling the walls with bricks, clay or similar materials. On the religious level, syncretism has long been established here. There are many currents, characteristic for different regions, which are similar to each other, but at the same time have many separate nuances.
Historical and cultural areas of Australia
The smallest continent in the world is dividedin two parts - is the Anglo-Australian and Aboriginal-Australian areas. The first of them is characterized by its European life charter. These lands were conquered mainly by the British, therefore, for a long time, large cities have been growing here, and industry is developing in them. Moral stereotypes typical for the British are established in society. In the suburbs of the Anglo-Australian region, grain farming and sheep breeding are very developed. The aboriginal-Australian region is much smaller in area. Here live the indigenous inhabitants of this continent, which are the embodiment of the real Australoid race. There are no big megacities, industry is also absent. On these lands, the traditions and way of life that was characteristic of local people before the arrival of Europeans are preserved.