Vsevolod Ivanov. Writer and his biography
Vsevolod Ivanov is a writer and playwright,who worked in the Soviet Union. Literary critics mark his works dedicated to the struggle for the victory of Soviet power in the south of Siberia. In the 1920s he was a member of the Young Writers' Association "Serapion Brothers". He was considered a master of ornamental prose. According to the researchers, he presented Siberia in his own way, showing her extraordinary and at the same time wild beauty.
Biography of the writer
Born in 1895, Vsevolod Ivanov. The writer was born in the Semipalatinsk region. In a small village of Lebyazhye in Pavlodar Uyezd. Nowadays this region is a part of Kazakhstan. Now on the site of the village of Akku village, which is home to less than three thousand people.
His mother was Polish by birth, herparents were exiled to hard labor. My father worked at the mine, then became a village teacher. However, the health undermined in the mines could not be restored. He died early. Ivanov himself said that he felt Kazakh and Russian blood in himself, although Russian, of course, prevailed.
The youth of the future writer was held in the regions of Western Siberia. Due to the plight of the family, it was not possible to finish school. I had to learn how to earn money early, learn various professions.
At different times Vsevolod worked as a compositor in a printing house, a sailor and even a circus clown. He did everything to feed his family. During these years he alternately lived in Kurgan, Omsk and Novonikolaevsk.
At the beginning of a literary career
In 1915 he began to publish in newspapers20-year-old Vsevolod Ivanov. The writer publishes his first story. In 1919, his book "Rogulki" was published in a separate edition. He independently typed and printed it in the printing house of the newspaper Vperyod in Omsk. The book came out in a scanty circulation - 30 copies.
At that time, it was almost impossible to stay inside of turbulent political life. This failed, and Ivanov. He takes part in the revolutionary movement. First on the side of the Socialist-Revolutionaries, then the Mensheviks. Later he joined the ranks of the Russian socialist workers' party of internationalists. Its supporter he becomes in Omsk in 1918.
After the victory of the October Revolution, the partyinternationalists joined the ranks of the Bolsheviks. Ivanov's party experience was calculated taking into account membership with the RSDP. Eventually he enters the Red Army. He does not participate directly in battles, he manages the information department in the provincial executive committee.
Ivanov in Petrograd
In 1921 he went with a specialcommissioned in Petrograd Vsevolod Ivanov. The writer meets Gorky, passes him the recommendations of the newspaper "Soviet Siberia". Thanks to them and the impression that he made on the venerable Soviet literary man, his novel "Partisans" is included in the first issue of the thick literary magazine "Krasnaya Nov." In the fifth issue, Vsevolod Ivanov publishes another of his works. The writer publishes the novel "Armored train 14-69". Later on it was based on the play of the same name.
At first he was a member of the group of proletarian writers Kosmist, later he took part in the activities of the Serapion Brothers. Since the mid-20-ies finally moved from Siberia to Moscow.
Meeting with Stalin
Vsevolod Ivanov is a writer whose photo alreadygot on the pages of literary magazines, in 1932 took part in the famous meeting of the creative intelligentsia with the head of state Joseph Stalin.
Communication took place in a relaxed and chambersituation in the apartment of Maxim Gorky. It also had several other high-ranking officials - Klim Voroshilov, Lazar Kaganovich, Vyacheslav Molotov, Pavel Postyshev.
For wine and appetizers writers and leadersThe Soviet Union discussed an important issue - the creation of a writers' association. Stalin formulated the party's policy towards literature, promised all kinds of help and support. With initiatives, and Vsevolod Ivanov. The writer, whose biography is associated with works about the Civil War and Soviet power, supported this idea. Soon it was realized.
Themes for new works by Ivanov are oftenlooked for in the surrounding reality. In the 30 years he went along with other writers on a trip to see with his own eyes the construction of the White Sea-Baltic Canal. Later he joined the group of writers who wrote the book "The White Sea-Baltic Canal named after Stalin: History of Construction."
In 1934 he participated in the first congress of the Sovietwriters. What they talked about in Gorky's apartment was finally realized. Ivanov became one of the secretaries at the congress. He also received the post of chairman of the board of the literary fund.
With the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War, he was evacuated to Tashkent. Then he began working as a front-line correspondent in the newspaper Izvestia. Together with Soviet troops he reached Berlin.
He died in Moscow at the age of 68 years. Buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.
In Soviet literature, the author of adventurenovels entered Vsevolod Ivanov. The writer, whose books were printed in magazines and in separate editions, was remembered by readers with stories "Colored Winds", "Partisans", "Armored Train 14-69". His novels "The Kremlin" and "Blue Sands", fantastic works "Agasfer", "Sisyphus, son of Aeolus" are known. In 1932 he published the anti-utopia "U".
Wrote many autobiographical works. The most famous of them is "The Story of My Books", "We're Going to India", "The Adventures of a Fakir".
According to the son of the hero of our article, he loved and valuedhis works are Stalin. In his opinion, Ivanov was the writer who needed the people. The writer, the story "Dita" who wrote, throughout his career supported the Soviet regime. By the way, "Dite" was one of Stalin's favorite works. The beginning of this story about the insecurity of human life before the terrible elements of the Civil War, he even remembered by heart.
Personal life of the writer
Ivanov was married three times. With his first wife he parted in Petrograd. His beloved Maria Nikolaevna Sinitsyna betrayed him with a Czech officer and left the country.
In 1922 he married with Anna Pavlova Vesnina. They had a daughter Maria, who chose a career as an artist. She played at the Moscow Drama Theater. In 1927 the couple parted.
His third wife was Tamara Kashirina, whowas 5 years his junior. When they were married, Tamara already had two children - daughter Tatiana and son Michael (his father was another famous writer Isaak Babel). Later they had a common child, who was named Vyacheslav. He became a famous linguist.