What is diffuse liver change?
A healthy liver has a homogeneous structure withoutseals and the presence of deformations in the tissues. But often it can be observed diffuse changes. They lead to a disruption of the homogeneous structure of this organ and the formation of pathologies in the tissues.
Let us consider in more detail what is the diffuse changes in the liver, what causes them to provoke and how they are diagnosed.
Diffusive liver changes: concept
Diffuse liver changes are an increaseparenchyma of this organ, which is the main functional tissue, consisting mainly of hepatocytes. It is important to understand that diffuse changes are not a disease, but only a symptom of some ailment - hepatitis, lipomatosis and so on. Therefore, after their diagnosis, an additional examination is required. Only it will help to identify what disease developed in humans.
Signs and causes of the disease
Diffuse liver changes can occur for a variety of reasons. Here is the list of the most common ones:
- toxic or viral hepatitis;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- toxic effects of drugs;
- excessive use of alcohol;
- infectious diseases occurring in chronic form;
- disturbance of metabolic processes.
It can also provoke such changeseating fatty foods, prolonged treatment with antibacterial drugs or switching to a new diet. It is very dangerous, if they arose against a background of hepatitis, cirrhosis or sclerosing cholangitis, as the treatment may not yield the desired results.
It is important to take into account that for diffuse changesthe work of the organ is preserved, but if they have arisen long ago and the proper treatment has not been carried out, then severe hepatic failure may develop. It is often accompanied by bleeding and intoxication, which has an increasing nature.
Symptoms of diffuse liver changes may not be observed for a long time. But later the patient can celebrate:
- general weakness;
- increased fatigue;
- frequent vomiting;
- constant change of mood;
- the taste of bitterness in the mouth.
When these symptoms occur, it is very important to see a doctor and get a checkup.
Diagnosis of the disease
To detect diffuse changes in the liver,First of all you need to undergo ultrasound. Due to its high density and large dimensions, this organ perfectly reflects sound waves, so it is perfectly scanned during such a survey. If there are such changes in the course of ultrasound, the following will be revealed:
- heterogeneous structure of tissues;
- high parenchyma echolarsity;
- change in the pattern of blood vessels;
- presence of sites of increased and decreased echogenicity.
When detecting diffuse liver changes, it is very important to identify the true cause of their occurrence. To do this, additional research is assigned:
- blood test;
- histological examination of liver tissue;
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
Often a digestive examination may be required. Based on the results, the doctor prescribes treatment.
Treatment of the disease
The main treatment for diffuse liver changesreduces to adherence to a strict diet. So, if lipomatosis is diagnosed along with them, fatty meals should be excluded, in case of diabetes it will be necessary to limit carbohydrate intake, and for cirrhosis and hepatitis it is impossible to include smoked and high-calorie food in the diet. In any case, the diet for the patient is selected individually by the doctor.
In addition to the normalization of nutrition, can be appointedreception of antiviral drugs, immunomodulators, vitamin complexes, hepatic collections. If chronic hepatic insufficiency is observed, then rehabilitation therapy will be required. Only in some cases, with diffuse changes, surgery may be required. It is always necessary to treat the disease that caused them.