What is the EU?
The idea of uniting Europe already existedseveral centuries ago, and the European Union (EU) was a kind of embodiment of this idea. To understand what the EU is, first of all, it should turn to the history of the creation of this association.
History of the European Union
Even after the Second World War, Europeanthe states felt the need to combine their own resources and forces to be able to withstand the growing power of the two superpowers: the Soviet Union and the United States. In 1951, the first European coal and steel association was created, it included six European countries: Belgium, Germany, Italy, France and Luxembourg.
A little later, in 1957, on the initiative of the samecountries, the Economic Community of Europe was established, to which nine more countries joined. As a result of development, a common economic market was formed, interstate restrictions for participants in the integration of capital, goods or services were gradually eliminated, which had a very positive effect on the economic development of the countries members of the EU.
On March 1, 2002, a new currency was created,acting on the territory of the European Union - the euro, which replaced the national money. However, not all the countries that are members of the EU have refused to use their own currency. Sometimes, trying to determine what the EU countries are, people are guided by the fact whether the currency is used in this country or not. However, this is a wrong approach. For example, the Czech Republic is a full member of the EU, but on its territory there are Czech crowns.
The aim of the European Union is to implementgeneral economic policy and the development of the main benchmarks for macroeconomic indicators, which should be guided by the national governments of the countries that make up the EU. A system of bodies ensuring the effectiveness of general economic policy was created. These include the EU Council, the EU Commission, the European Parliament, the European Court, etc.
A lot of attention is paid to stimulatingeconomic growth, as well as raising competitiveness in the world market of the countries that make up the EU. In addition to economic problems, the European Union pays great attention to the eradication of poverty, the realization of human rights, the environment and the protection of the environment, gender equality, etc.
Programs of the European Union
In addition to implementing programs to develop internaleconomy, the EU develops and implements programs to promote the development of international relations, as well as to assist developing countries. For example, in Africa they know very well what the EU countries are, as the European Union's assistance is about 69% of the total foreign economic investment, which is aimed at developing the economy and increasing the social security of citizens.
The EU pays much attention to the quality of its products, protection of consumers' rights, development of agriculture and support of agricultural producers.
In total, in the direction of the EU's activities,to identify 12 spheres, the development and interconnection of which should contribute to accelerating the overall economic progress and improving the quality of life. These areas include: environmental and climate change problems, international trade, agriculture, security, employment problems and social policy, research and innovation, migration, energy, transport, agricultural development, information technology development.