What is the gerundance?
The participle denotes a special form of the verb. What is special about this form? What is the gerundance? The gerundive depicts not just the process of accomplishing something, but an additional action under the paramount action, and answers such questions: "What is done?", "What is doing?".
What is gerundance? Examples
To understand the gerundance, you needconsider some of its signs. The gerunds are divided into forms of perfect and imperfect species and retain the appearance of the verb from which they were formed. The sign of transitivity in the verbal participle is preserved. There are recurrent and irretrievable verbal participles. The gerundive can fulfill the function of the circumstance in the sentence.
Scientists argue over whether the verbal participle is an independent part of speech or not, since it has the same grammatical features as the verb.
Verbal participles of the perfect species
In order to say with certainty that thisThe verbal participle belongs to the perfect form, it is necessary to ask him the question: "What is done?" And if the verbal participle is suitable, then in this case we are dealing with such gerundive, which means a complete additional action.
- Before the main action: "In the autumn, after leaving the meadow, the birds flew south."
The example shows that the action that expresses the gerundive is additional to the main, and is accomplished to the main.
- In the same time interval as the main action: "Bogdan sat at the table, reading an interesting comic with pictures."
Here, the gerundive "reading" means an additional action that occurs simultaneously with the action of the verb "sitting."
- The action, expressed by the gerunds, occurs after the main action expressed by the verb: "The roof fell through the house, selling the ceiling in the cellar."
An additional action "pushing" expresses an event that occurred after the main.
Deeply part of the perfected species can be formedby adding suffixes -in, -shi to the stem of the verb. If the basis is a reflexive verb, the gerundive is formed with the power of the suffixes -sh (cb), -shi (cb).
Adverbial participles of imperfect type
Such gerunds answer the question: "What are you doing?"and serve to form an unfinished action that is complementary to the basic and occurs simultaneously with it:" Running away from the dog, the cat overturned the bucket. "
The gerundive of the imperfect species is formed from the verb stem with the addition of the suffix -a (-y): sitting, running, playing, hurrying, lying.