What kind of gods are there?

Our article will be dedicated to God, or rather: gods in different religions. You will find out what gods are and how they differ from each other. But before that, a few words about definitions that will help you better understand the classification.

What gods exist

It must be said that in most religions, God -personal being, but there are some religious teachings in which God is impersonal (the so-called impersonalism). At the same time, the specific qualities of God or gods in different religions are also not the same. The idea of ​​God or gods is central to any religion. If God is one, then we are talking about a monotheistic religion, if it is a set, then polytheism. In that case, God is any of the beings that stand above the world. The polytheistic religions are perhaps the most ancient, although judging by some branches of Hinduism, one can argue with this. From the most ancient polytheistic forms one can single out the religions of Ancient Greece and Rome, as well as some forms of religion of the ancient Slavs and Hinduism. The main monotheistic religions are Christianity, Judaism and Islam. The idea of ​​God in such religions is formed on the basis of various scriptures and other sacred texts, which, according to adepts (zealous admirers) of such religions, come from God himself. God in such religions is the supreme all-powerful personality, the Creator of all living things. He is eternal, immortal, omnipresent, omniscient and all-good, that is, He is absolute love and good. In addition, he does not know. Out of impersonal religions, let us single out Buddhism and Jainism, in which there is no concept of God. Well, now, more about God and the gods in each of the above religions.

What are the gods in specific religions

Let's start with the so-called Abrahamic religions -Judaism, Christianity and Islam. They are based on faith in God the One. However, the first truly monotheistic religion of the known was, apparently, the religion of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten. Gradually, monotheism has spread widely throughout the world. As for individual Abrahamic religions, which to some extent recognize the Old Testament, which, it is believed, Abraham received directly from God, then, for example, Judaism is based on faith in the One God who created the whole world. Christian conception of God is based on the Bible, not only in the Old, but, first of all, in the New Testament. The Christian God is the original and preceding essence of the world, omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient. God is the creator of everything, both material and immaterial, and specifically all living beings and everything that exists in the universe, including itself. God is the source of being. God created this world and populated it with people, He takes the most active part in the life of mankind, sends prophets and directly participates in earthly affairs (remember, for example, the World Flood.) The universe created by God was given to the man who has free will, but the person was tempted by Satan, as a result of which man was separated from God, Christians believe that man is sinful from the very beginning, and therefore is mortal precisely for that reason. "In the main Christian currents, which we examined in detail We are not here, God the Three Ones: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, constituting a single Divine essence.In Islam, there is one Allah who is the only one worthy of human worship: He is the Almighty Creator and the Almighty of the worlds, is nothing like anything, nothing is with him 99 names of Allah in Islam emphasize His perfect qualities.

God in Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism

To refer to the One God (personal) Indiansuse the word Ishwara, and other deities in the Hindu pantheon are called virgins. In the Vedanta philosophy, however, there is the concept of Brahman - the supreme cosmic spirit. Brahman is everything and it is present everywhere. He is omnipresent, omnipotent, boundless, incorporeal, inherently inherent in the internal (immanent) reality, acting as the divine foundation for the whole universe. Sikhs also believe in one God, the all-pervading and all-powerful Creator, which is not comprehensible and not accessible to man. His real name is also unknown to anyone. Only He Himself is God, he knows the purpose of creation, He does not punish or lead anyone, but Himself exudes charity and love, is devoid of hatred and any attachments. But in Buddhism, everything is not so unambiguous. On the one hand, Prince Gautama (Buddha) denied the existence of the Creator, but he was also recognized by Brahman, which contains the whole world in its entirety - along with all joys and emotions.

Egypt, antiquity and the Slavs

In ancient Egypt, as in India, there was nogeneral religion, and there were local cults dedicated to certain deities. In most of them, however, other deities were recognized, so the Egyptian religion can be considered as polytheistic. And separately it is necessary to say about the "innovation" of Pharaoh Akhenaten who introduced the cult of worship to Aton (the so-called God of the Sun), which was the first swallow of monotheism. In total, there are about 700 gods in the Egyptian religion. As for the religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans, this is a classic polytheism, because their pantheons numbered several hundred different deities, which personified both the forces of nature and the heavenly bodies. Close to them and the traditional Slavic paganism, although the number of gods in the Slavic pantheon is difficult to determine because of the fact that the same deity had several names. In what God to believe, of course, is everyone's personal business. And my task was to show you the whole variety of human ideas about the Higher Power, so that you would know what kind of gods there are.



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