What questions does the predicate answer?
A predicate denotes any action or state of an object, is one of the main members of the sentence along with the subject. Let us consider the questions to which the predicate answers.
- What is (the subject, the person)? Examples: The picture (what is it?) Is beautiful; Man (what?) Is good.
- What does (person, thing)? What will (face, object) do? These questions are also presented in the past and in the future times. Examples: Marina before (what did?) Was engaged in drawing; He (what does?) Play the piano; Boys (what will they do?) Will play football with rivals.
- Who is he (face)? What is he (this) is (the subject)? Examples: He (who is he?) Is an engineer; This device (what is it?) Is a telescope.
- What happens to him (with a face)? What is done with it? Example: Data (what is done with them? You can also ask: what are they doing?) Are transferred to the site.
The predicate is both nominal and verbal. A simple verbal predicate is expressed by the form of inclination.
- Discerning: Children (what are they doing?) Are playing in the yard.
- Imperative: What will you do? Draw me the sun!
- Subjunctive mood: I (what would I do?) Would go on a trip if I had money.
A compound verb predicate is formed from several verbs - an auxiliary verb plus a verb in an indefinite form. Examples:
- What did you do? He stopped jumping;
- What is he doing? - he wants to sail away;
- What will he do? - it will work.
The compound nominal predicate contains the word(verb-ligament), expressing not only the exact grammatical meaning of this predicate, but also its nominal part (noun or adjective) conveying the meaning of the verb. Examples:
- He was kinder than his brother. He was like what? - was kinder. "There was" here - a verb-bunch, "kinder" - an adjective in comparative degree. all together - a compound nominal predicate.
- She is now a teacher. She who? - Teacher. There is no verb-bundle, therefore the bundle in this sentence is zero. The word "teacher" is the nominal part of the predicate expressed by the noun in the accusative case. So, in this example, "she" will be the subject, "the teacher" is the predicate.
- The sky seemed close. The sky did what? seemed close. "It seemed" - a verb-bunch, "close" - an adjective in the instrumental case.
- He will be a celebrity. He will be what? - will be a celebrity. "Will" - the verb-bunch, "celebrity" - the noun in the instrumental case, the nominal part of the predicate.
Now you are familiar with examples, which are the predicates in the Russian language and which questions are answered by the predicate.